Jacob Bushman b. 27 July 1830, Lampeter, Lancaster County, Pennsylvania

West_Lampeter_FarmThis is the farm country in West Lampeter, Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, near where my 2nd Great-Grandpa, Jacob Bushman was born on this day in 1830.

Here is some information about the Bushman family in Lancaster County:

In the spring of 1840 two elders, Elisha H. Davis and H. Dean, members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints, came to preach the Gospel in Lancaster County. Both Martin and his wife, Elizabeth, were of a strongly religious nature and investigated the new doctrine whole heartedly, were convinced of its truth, and were baptized. In spite of criticism and ostracism by relatives and friends in Lancaster County, they grew in faith and were filled with the spirit of gathering in Nauvoo, Illinois with the rest of the members of this faith. It is probable that they would have made the thousand mile trip to Nauvoo in 1840, but circumstances prevented this. Their aged parents were without a home of their own, and Martin spent the fall and winter in building one for them. Also they were expecting the birth of their son, Martin Benjamin, and with more time they had hoped to sell their property to a better advantage.

The property was finally sold at a great sacrifice, and provided little more than a team and wagon and the necessary provisions for the thousand mile trip with a family of six. When they arrived in Nauvoo, they found the city crowded with new converts and it was hard to find a place to live. However, they soon found their old friend, Bishop Edward Hunter, who was also of Pennsylvania Dutch descent. The Bishop immediately fixed up and rented to the Bushmans the upstairs apartment of his house. He also rented to Martin his farm which was just east of Nauvoo. Martin’s harvests were excellent in spite of the fact that he and his son Jacob spent every tenth day to work on the Temple which was being built in Nauvoo at this time. Soon after their arrival, they met the Prophet Joseph and his brother, Patriarch Hyrum Smith who gave them a hearty welcome to the community. On 12 March 1843, the Patriarch ordained Martin to the office of High Priest and also gave he and his wife Elizabeth a Patriarchal Blessing. The promises and blessings contained therein have extended to us their posterity.

Jacob Bushman

Jacob Bushman

This biography of Martin Bushman and Elizabeth Degen is taken from The Bushman Family History, compiled 1956 by Newbern I. Butt for the Bushman Family History Committee, pp. 12-15). Additions by second great grandson Elden L. Stewart . (Written by Elden L. Stewart; retyped and submitted by Ella Mae [Turley] Judd. )

The full name and particulars of the book: The Bushman Family: Originally of Pennsylvania and the Rocky Mountain States by Newbern Butt, main author. Its Family History Library call number is 929.273 B964bn. It is located in the Joseph Smith Memorial Building Family History Book Section. It is also on microfilm, FHL 896926, item 5. (In the main library located in the FHL US/CAN Film section.)

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Nauvoo: “The worst enemy we found here. . .”

I’ve spent a good deal of time in libraries and archives reading journals and histories of people who lived near where my ancestors lived.  Theodore Turley and his family lived in Nauvoo, where they were the Prophet Joseph Smith’s neighbors.

Sometimes I read things in the journals of others that changes me and how much I love my ancestors.  A man named Joseph Lee Robinson who also lived close to Joseph and to the river made such a journal entry, describing the living conditions in Nauvoo in those days.  I have never forgotten his words.    My great-great grandmother, Charlotte Turley was born in Nauvoo in 1840.  I often think of her curled up in her bed at night and wonder.

Long-tailed rat

Joseph Lee Robinson Journal:
“When we arrived in the city of Nauvoo [Aug 1841], I soon found my brother Ebenezer. He had a house for us to go to. It was a big log house near his printing office. Ebenezer was the printer for the church. He was writing the Church Organ, so had built a large two-story house. The top floor was used for his home and the bottom for the printing press. It was near the river, not far from the Prophet Joseph’s home. The worst enemy we found here was the long-tailed rat, that would bite the lips and nose of our little children while they slept.” (Page 6)

This map shows the properties of the Robinson family, Joseph’s Mansion House, and the Turley family:

Nauvoo, TT plot block 147-4

Below is a page from the Hancock County 1840 Nauvoo census showing Theodore living right next to the Smith family.

Nauvoo 1840 census close up

Turley, Theodore Nauvoo 1840 US Census

DHC 3:375 June 11. 1939 … About this time Elder Theodore Turley raised the first house built by the Saints in this place (Commerce); it was built of logs. about 25 or 30 rods north north-east of my dwelling, on the north-east corner of lot 4. Block 147, of the White Purchase.

Jensen History Record
June 1839 – Theodore Turley raised the first house built by the Saints in Commerce, on Lot 4. Block 147, of the White Purchase, on the corner of what afterwards were named Water and Carlin Streets, on the same block upon which Joseph afterwards built the Nauvoo Mansion.

Ida Blum July 15,1961
Turley home was owned by Christian Walter family and was razed in 1934. The two story brick house on the mid-east side was taxed for both personal property and land evaluation.

Nauvoo TT Home site

Joseph Smith Ledger A. page 199 February 1842 – September 1842
DHC 5:300 March 10, 1843 I told Theodore Turley that I had no objection to his building a brewery.

Nauvoo Neighbor December 27.1843
Theodore Turley begs leave to inform the inhabitants of Nauvoo and vicinity, that he has constantly on hand a supply of Ale, Beer and Yeast of the best quality for sale, both wholesale and retail, at his Brewery, corner of Hyde and Water Streets.
N.B. Whiskey, Beer and Cider Barrells taken in exchange for Beer and Ale.Nauvoo Map

Nauvoo historical buildingsNauvoo map JS HomeNauvoo town plat map

Here are some photos, old and restored, of the Joseph Smith Homestead and the Nauvoo Mansion House, which were situated near Theodore Turley’s family home and brewery.Nauvoo Homestead 2012Above Joseph Smith Homestead in 2012, below 2013.Nauvoo JS Homestead 2013Below: Joseph Smith Homestead 1900.Nauvoo JS Homestead 1900

Nauvoo JS homeAbove,the Mansion House today, below undated.Nauvoo Mansion House

Here is an interesting report from an event commemorating Theodore Turley building the first Latter-day Saint home in Nauvoo:


“We like firsts,” said Susan Easton Black Durrant at a recent Nauvoo Founder Days event. Aptly stated. Have you ever noticed? With babies it’s the first tooth, first word, first step. With teens it the first car, first date, first dance. With communities and people, it’s the first church, government building, home.

founder days event photo by nauvoo photographer tom simpson

So what was the “first” being commemorated at this event? The first Latter-day Saint home in Nauvoo, built by Theodore Turley (1801-1871) in June 1839. Descendants, friends, and local residents met at the Turley home site, located at the corner of Hyde and Water Streets, to recognize the efforts of Theodore Turley, as well as thousands of early saints who settled the area.

founder day photo by nauvoo photographer tom simpson

theodore turley home site commemoration photo by tom simpson nauvoo photographer

susan easton black durrant speaking at nauvoo founder day event

On the program was Susan Easton Black Durrant who spoke of Nauvoo’s history. Richard E. Turley, Jr., Assistant Church Historian, who represented the Theodore Turley Family Organization, followed Susan. His message gave a clear understanding of the man Theodore was and many ways he served his family, church, and community.

theodore turley commemoration photo by historic nauvoo photographer tom simpson

tree planting commemorating theodore turley in nauvoo photo by tom simpson

A commemorative tree planting was part of the event with Richard Turley planting the first tree (a hybrid English and American Oak), representing the many early settlers who planted roots deep in Nauvoo’s soil.

Want to be part of the commemoration and plant your “roots” in Nauvoo? Individual families or family groups can purchase a tree through Nauvoo Facilities Management to be planted. (Call NFM for information.)

nauvoo first lds home site theodore turley commemoration pano photo by tom simpson nauvoo photographer

– See more at: http://www.nauvooimages.com/2014/06/remembering-nauvoo-founders-theodore-turley-home/#sthash.hN0kPLyM.dpuf

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“Mr., what graveyard have you been robbing?”

When I think about how hard it is to be away from my family, I remember my ancestors like Theodore Turley, and how he left his loved ones to serve a mission many years ago. I love his example of doing hard things.
Happy Pioneer Day, Everyone!

Old Nauvoo 1During the spring and summer of 1839, the Saints gathered to Commerce, latter called Nauvoo, and settled on land purchased by the Church authorities. Theodore recorded:

We arrived in Commerce, Illinois, in the Spring of 1839. It being a new place on the banks of the Mississippi, hence without a house or convenience of a house to shelter in, but the spring being far advanced feel it necessary to set on to plant some corn, potatoes, etc., before I start to build my house.
After accomplishing the same began to get logs, stone, etc. My family having the expanse of the firmament for a covering besides a tent made of factory cotton. Frequently when I come home I find my family wet through to the skin, and the fire all washed away and my dear little children cuddled under their mother’s cloak. Myself as wet as possible, and no fire to dry our clothes. Sometimes the bed wet when we would rise in the morning, this would try the faith and patience of all.

When the time came to depart on his mission, Theodore recorded:
September 1839, was set apart by the Prophet Joseph and Hyrum Smith, when John Taylor and Wilford Woodruff was to go to England. . . . Took leave of my family this day under peculiar circumstances considering the late troubles we have had in the State of Missouri, it only being 34 months since I with my family left Toronto, Canada for Caldwell Co., Far West. I was with the Twelve at the fulfilling of the revelation concerning the re-laying the foundation stone of the Temple in Far West and then taking leave to go upon a mission to Great Britain.

At their departure, Elder John Taylor recorded:
I would here remark that very few of my brethren that came along were any better situated than I was in regard to disease. Elder Turley was taken out of his bed and put into a wagon when he started. Elder George A. Smith and Elder Turley, were started together, were both so blind with disease that when driving the horse a little distance themselves, they could not see a stump on the road side, and running over it, were upset out of the carriage. Elders Smith and Turley were unable to get up, not because of any injuries they had received, but because of their illness. Elder Hedlock helped them into their wagon and they resumed their journey. They had not proceeded far when they met some gentleman who stopped their team and said to the driver: ‘Mr., what graveyard have you been robbing?’ The remark being elicited by the ghostly appearance of the Elders en route for England.

Thus, in sickness and poverty, without purse and without scrip, leaving their families destitute of the comforts of life, with nothing but the assurances of the people, who were as poor as themselves, that they should be provided for. . . [they] . . . turned their faces toward Europe to preach the Gospel to the highly civilized peoples of the world. . . .”

[B. H. Roberts, Comprehensive History of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Salt Lake City, Utah, Deseret News Press, 1930, pp. 43-46.]

Old Nauvoo

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“With tired limbs and glad hearts”

Pioneer 3

I found this account of my 3rd Great-grandparents, a Life sketch of Martin and Elizabeth Bushman by Martin Benjamin Bushmanin, in a copy of John Bushman’s edited diary, which was copied by himself from his original diaries into a large journal during the later years of his life.*

The Life and Labors of John Bushman Son of Martin and Elizabeth Degen.
They stopped at a small place called Highland Grove near Council Bluffs. Here again the Husband tried to make wife and children comfortable, he built them a house of logs and covered it as best he could with sticks and dirt, He then went into the state of Missouri and labored to procure them something to eat, after working for some time he recieved for his pay some corn meal and pork and a few other little things, he then returned to his Family with a Joyful heart that he had procured something to eat for them. He then took up some land and raised some crops, he stayed there four years and was prospered so he had sufficient to bring him to Utah, in May 1851 he started on that journey, They had one wagon with two Yoke of oxen and two Yoke of cows hitched to it and sufficient provisions to last the family five months. After traveling five months with tired limbs and glad hearts they arrived in Salt Lake City, they only stopped there one week and then went south 30 miles to Lehi there again they procured land and built them a home.

I love his words, describing how they pressed forward, with “tired limbs and glad hearts” until they reached Zion.  Sometimes I am tired too.  It helps to think about those who came before me, doing hard things.  Because they kept going, my life is different than it might have been.  I will press forward, so that those who follow me might one day read my words and gain a little piece of strength.

Pioneer 5

*The book from which this typewritten copy was made is of the ledger type about 8 x 11 inches in size. The writing was entirely in ink. The latter part of the journal which records the death, etc. was in other handwritings. The original from which this copy was made is now in the hands of members of the John Bushman Association, of which Fred Bushman of Salt Lake City, Utah was the Chairman. [Now in Church Historian’s Office.]

Copied by the Brigham Young University Library 1935?

[This bound manuscript is kept in the Brigham Young University Harold B. Lee Library, Special Collections. This Life Sketch was found at the end of John Bushman’s journal entries and was retyped here by Ann Laemmlen Lewis, September 2005. Spelling and punctuation from the original has been retained.]

[The original handwritten copy of this is found in Jacob Bushman’s Temple Record Book, pp. 1-10. There are slight variations.]

Artwork of Jeremy Winborg and Julie Young

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Words well chosen

Words well chosen


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Let Summer Begin!

Summer Days, Ann Laemmlen

This may look like a photo to abort, but it is a treasure to me.  I remember every detail of every part of every thing in this photo.  My red shoes.  My bobby socks.  The green and yellow metal swing set with wingnut screws and bolts holding it together.  The fence I learned to walk on, balancing myself with a bamboo pole (I walked it 100s of times).  The corn tank swimming pool.  The alfalfa field that separated our house from Grandma’s and the permanent trail we made between us.  The Zinnias my mother planted along that fence and how stiff their leaves were.  Red ants lived in that dirt.  The gravel driveway.  When it rained I got a cup and collected the prettiest rocks (by the hour).  Warm grass.  Four-leaf clovers.  Feeling the clip that snapped in my hair as the wind blew as I would swing.  Cutting my chin on the drinking fountain in the back yard.  Shep, our blonde German Shepherd.  Tricycles and bicycles.  Crickets at night.  The smell of Swallowtail butterflies.  Irrigation water.  Hot hot sun.  Kool aid and homemade popsicles.  Mosquito bites.  Sprinklers.  Catching Sphinx Moths with cupped hands in the evenings.  Window screens.  And going to bed feeling sweaty.

It was all good.  Very very good.

Dad's Slides 346

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A Note About Finding Family Histories on this Blog

Barker and Anderson Cousins

Barker and Anderson Cousins

I’ve been slowly moving stories and histories to my Family History blog that’s called Ann’s Stories.  You can find it here:


In the future, I’ll posting more of the family histories there.  I love it when family members and distant relations find me and stories of our common family members.  If you use the SEARCH feature on either blog (Ann’s Words or Ann’s Stories), and put in a name, you will find any mention of that name anywhere in the blog posts.  You may want to check on both blogs.

Below are some of my family names.  There are many more found in the stories, but these are my direct line ancestors:

Pain / Payne / Pane

If you find information here and are interested in more, or if you don’t find someone you are looking for, please contact me at annlewis@byu.net.  I would be happy to share whatever I am able.  I’ve been collecting histories and photos for a long time and will be adding them to these blogs as I have time.  Thank you!

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